Advent, Catholicism, Christian Life, Discipleship, Faith, Mary, Pope Francis, Social Justice, Theology and Culture

Yes, Mr. O’Reilly, There is a War on Christmas: But It’s Not What You Think

“For me Christmas has always been about this; contemplating the visit of God to his people…Christmas in this time of conflicts is a call from God who gives us this gift. Do we want to receive Him or do we prefer other gifts?” Pope Francis

A whole industry has arisen around the notion of the so-called “war on Christmas.” Political pundits are up in arms; best-selling books have been written on the “liberal plot against Christians”, and the highest rated news show on cable TV (Bill O’Reilly) has made this a central point to galvanize viewers. There is even a flag draped page on Fox News’s website to keep track of reported instances where “the right to celebrate Christmas is under attack.”  Recent polls, however, seem to cast doubt on the arguments being made.

Whenever I see privileged Americans claiming the status of victimhood, I must admit, I am skeptical. Amidst the tragic suffering of people near and far, why would anyone focus so much money and energy on this question? Would it not be more in tune with the values that are supposedly under attack to spend our energy  addressing the suffering of the thousands of American children who are homeless, the millions of people who are forcibly dwar-on-christmasdisplaced from the conflict in Syria, and the growing ecological crisis?

If there is a war on Christmas it has little to do with a lack of nativity scenes in public places, an increasing sensitivity to diversity within our communities, and the ways in which people greet each other this season. Sure, there may be isolated issues of religious freedom that need to be addressed, but the real opponents to Christmas in the United States are those that seek to water-down and domesticate the radical truth that Christians proclaim on this day: God is so deeply concerned with the plight and suffering of human beings, an in particular the poor, that God has chosen to become one of us.

This domestication of Christmas is reinforced by our rampant individualistic and consumeristic culture, in which people define their self worth by possessions and individualistic freedoms rather than relationships. In looking toward the United States and Western Europe, Catholic popes for well over fifty years have critiqued the tendency of capitalism to emphasize “having” over “being.” This mindset, as Pope Francis has recently warned, too often leads to the objectification of others and in particular those who live in poverty.

The prevalence of this way of thinking can be seen even among the Christmas defenders such as Sarah Palin, who has literally written a book on the topic. In a recent interview with Matt Lauer, Palin praised the commercialization of the feast (for which she benefits from her book sales): “I love the commercialization of Christmas,” she said, “because it spreads the Christmas cheer.” The idea that Christmas might challenge the heart of American economic power seems unimaginable to Christmas warriors like Palin and O’Reilly.

flightIn a culture centered on personal image, power, and Machiavellian notions of greatness, the birth of a savior to impoverished, dark-skinned, Jewish migrants in a dirty barn is incomprehensible and even comical. The idea that Jesus could be anything other than the normative (all-American) white male does not even occur to even our educated news anchors who remake Jesus and “Santa” with blue eyes. This is not at all surprising, given that most images of the birth of Christ gloss over with porcelain and gold paint the reality of poverty and God’s deep concern for the poor and oppressed.

What, then, does it mean to proclaim Christ present in a world of injustice, inequality, war and poverty?

O’Reilly, Palin and the other Christmas warriors might do well to remember the prophetic call of the pregnant Mary’s Magnificat (LK 1:46-55) in which she proclaims God’s special concern for people who are poor and oppressed or Jesus’s self proclamation on how he has been sent to bring the good news to the poor (LK 4: 16-19).

Writing nearly a century ago, G.K. Chesterton has a beautiful reflection on the centrality of the poor to Christmas celebrations.

“Christmas is built upon a beautiful and intentional paradox; that the birth of the homeless should be celebrated in every home. But the other sort of paradox is not intentional and is certainly not beautiful.  It is bad enough that we cannot altogether disentangle the tragedy of poverty.  It is bad enough that the birth of the homeless, celebrated at hearth and altar, should sometimes synchronise with the death of the homeless in workhouses and slums. But we need not rejoice in this universal restlessness brought upon rich and poor alike; and it seems to me that in this matter we need a reform of the modern Christmas.”

Sadly, little progress has been made since Chesterton wrote this.  As many of us will celebrate comfortably with our families, millions of children, women and men will suffer from poverty, lack of access to healthcare and conflict. At the same time many charmed by victimization have lost sense of the gift of encountering Christ in world, a Pope Francis describes it. The world is so loved by God, that God enters into it.

What does it mean to keep Christ in Christmas? Keeping Christ in Christmas means never losing sight of the presence of Christ in our world. Keeping Christ in Christmas means not cutting nutritional assistance (food stamps) for our neighbors who are poor, hungry and without shelter. It means investing time, energy and resources into peacebuilding efforts to determine and address the root causes of conflict both near and far. It means praying and acting to support the millions of children, women and men who are displaced by the conflicts in Syria, Central African Republic, and now South Sudan. Keeping christmas3Christ in Christmas means asking forgiveness for the many ways in which we individually as a people benefit from oppressive social structures. It means standing up against torture and extrajudicial killings by drones. It means changing our consumer lifestyle choices that harm the environment and people who are poor. The real significance of keeping Christ in Christmas is thus much more profound and important than how people in a department store greet their customers. Keeping Christ in Christmas is about celebrating and responding to God’s love. The Pontifical Council for Migrants has a beautiful reflection on the relationship between Christmas and encountering Christ in others:

In the foreigner a Christian sees not simply a neighbour, but the face of Christ Himself, who was born in a manger and fled into Egypt, where he was a foreigner, summing up and repeating in His own life the basic experience of His people (cf. Mt 2:13ff)…. In the same way Mary, the Mother of Jesus, can be equally well contemplated as a living symbol of the woman emigrant. She gave birth to her Son away from home (cf. Lk 2:1-7) and was compelled to flee to Egypt (cf. Mt 2:13-14).”

christmas ballChristmas has always been political. The birth of a messiah, Christian tradition holds, was very threatening to those in positions of political power. At its core, Christmas symbolizes God’s love for humanity and in particular those who are poor and oppressed. This can be very disruptive.  The real question that needs to be addressed then is not about bumper stickers and nativity sets. Rather, it is about how we respond to God’s love in the world today. There are many practical ways that we can do this (fair trade gifts, cutting back on commercialism, etc), but it’s fundamentally about relationships (with God and others), justice and solidarity.

Dean Obeidallah at the DailyBeast  sums it up well in asking: What do you think Jesus would care about more: feeding the hungry and caring for the sick or requiring that all Americans say “Merry Christmas” instead of “Happy Holidays”? The answer is clear to anyone who has ever read the Bible.”

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About Kevin Ahern

Kevin Glauber Ahern, PhD is an assistant professor of religious studies at Manhattan College. He defended his doctoral dissertation in Theological Ethics from Boston College in 2013. His dissertation was entitled “Structures of Grace: Catholic NGOs and the Church’s Mission in a Globalized World.” From 2003 to 2007, Kevin Ahern served as the President of the International Movement of Catholic Students (IMCS-Pax Romana), an international network of students in over eighty countries. He continues to be active on the boards of several national and international networks, including he Catholic Common Ground Initiative, the board of directors of America Press and as a Vice-President of the ICMICA-Pax Romana, He has edited the Radical Bible and Visions of Hope: Emerging Theologians and the Future of the Church, both with Orbis Books. When not teaching, writing, or going to international meetings, Kevin enjoys hiking, Cape Cod, and spending time with his wife. Follow him on twitter at @kevin_ahern

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  1. Pingback: Two New Songs for Christmas (Eve)! | Daily Theology - December 24, 2013

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